August/September 2001 Issue Number 26
Is a monthly electronic newsletter which links current events and issues to the daily challenges faced by fire and emergency services managers. Current topics in the area of sexual harassment, diversity management and conflict resolution will be discussed.
We hope that you find the information here useful and provocative.
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Leading Diverse Communities Beyond Conflict: September 15-16, 2001 Linda Willing will be teaching this course at the National Fire Academy in Emmitsbug, MD during the State Weekend program .
Women in Firefighting: Walking the Legal Tightrope: October 11-12, 2001. Sponsored by the Cleveland State University law school, this conference will cover topics including recruitment, training, testing, and promotion. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org or call 216-687-3947 for more information.
Leadership Training Seminar March 8-10, 2002, San Diego Bahia Resort. Sponsored by Women in the Fire Service. For more information call 608-233-4879 or email email@example.com.
Women Chief Officers' Luncheon: August 25, 2001 at Fire-Rescue International in New Orleans. Call 630-990-2390 for more information.
Segregation Among Children is Increasing
The United States is becoming a more segregated nation, even as its diverse populations increase. This is one conclusion that has been drawn from the analysis of the most current census data as well as a recent study by Harvard University. In particular, these studies found that the nation's children are growing up in increasingly segregated environments and schools, compared to the conditions of a decade ago.
The analysis of the census data, conducted by the State University of New York at Albany, found that although black and white adults live in slightly more integrated communities compared to ten years ago, white children are much more likely to grow up separately from those of other races. These figures reflect the trend for white families to leave urban and racially mixed areas to raise their children in largely white suburbs. Increasing segregation among children was measured in cities across the country. The top ten most segregated cities for children were: Detroit, Milwaukee, New York, Newark, Chicago, Cleveland, Miami, Cincinnati, Birmingham, and St. Louis. The only parts of the country that showed a trend of increased integration among children were the Pacific Northwest and cities that were directly adjacent to military installations.
The Harvard study backs up this analysis. That study found that currently, 70% of all black children attend predominantly minority schools, up from 66% in 1991 and 63% in 1981. More than 36% of these children are in what is characterized as "intensely minority" schools, institutions where over 90% of all students are black or Hispanic. This percentage was less than 34% in 1991. Among Latino students, 76% are in predominantly minority schools, and 37% are in intensely minority schools. Both of these figures represent a 4% increase over a decade ago.
The Harvard study also made a correlation between predominantly minority schools and poverty. According to Gary Orfield, director of Harvard's Civil Rights Project, a map of schools attended by the average black or Hispanic student would almost perfectly match a map of high-poverty schools. According to the report, poorer schools have more transient student bodies, fewer teachers qualified in their subjects, parents lacking political power, and more frequent health problems among students.
Source: The New York Times, May 6, 2001 and July 20, 2001.